Sikh Holidays are basically commemoration of the various events that are important in the history of Sikhism. Sikh festivals blend beautifully religion to festive fervor all the while maintaining the dignity of the occasion.
The festivals are generally observed as per the Sikh Nanaksahi calendar. The Nanaksahi calendar has been amended to mention the names of the months as have been put down in the Guru Granth Sahib, which is the holy book of the Sikhs. The commemorative days however are often coordinated with the modern day Gregorian calendar for the benefit of the Sikhs residing round the globe so that the occasions can be celebrated in unison year after year.
A very common norm of a traditional Sikh festival is a parade in which the Guru Granth Sahib is carried. People walk round the city as they sing devotional songs – this is known as Nagar Kirtan. Traditions also involve free food (Langar) once the parade is over and people get together at the Gurdwara.
Here is a list of festivals and observances that are to take place in the Sikh Holiday Calendar in the year 2015 –
|Printable Calendars||Desktop Calendars||Hindu Calendar|
|Muslim Calendar||Christian Calendar||Jewish Calendar|
|Bahai Calendar||Rastafari Calendar||Zoroastrian Calendar|
|Pagan Calendar||Jain Calendar||Shinto Calendar|
|Buddhist Calendar||Sikh Calendar|
|January 1st – History||Chinese New Year||Hindu New Year|
|Hmong New Year||Islamic New Year||Japanese New Year|
|Jewish New Year||Korean New Year||Thai New Year|
|Persian New Year||Tibetan New Year||Vietnamese New Year|
- Monday, January 5, 2019, Birthday of Guru Gobind Singh (Nanakshahi calendar) – This day also goes by the name of Parkash Utsav Dasveh Patshah which when literally translated means the Rising of the 10th Divine Light or Enlightenment. This is celebrated by Sikhs all over the world. This is the day when the Sikhs celebrate the birth anniversary of the tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, who was the founder of the Sikh concept of Khalsa (collective body). His birth date is believed to have been in the year 1666, and he nominated the Guru Granth Sahib as the next Guru of the Sikhs after him.
- Tuesday, January 13, 2019, Maghi – This is the day to honor the forty Sikh men who were martyred while they were fighting off a huge Mughal Army who were trying to capture Guru Gobind Singh at Mukhtsar in the year 1705. These men have since been known as the Chali Mukte or the Forty Immortal/ Liberated ones. The bravery of these men and their dedication to their religion earned them blessing of Mukti or Salvation from Guru Gobind Singh. These brave men were cremated at Mukhtsar. An annual fair is held in their honor at Mukhtsar.
- Saturday, January 31, 2019, Birthday of Guru Har Rai (Nanakshahi calendar) – This is the day to celebrate the birth anniversary of the seventh Guru of the Sikhs Guru Har Rai who was born on this day in the year 1630.
- Friday, March 06, 2019, Hola Mohalla – This is an annual tradition that was started by Guru Gobind Singh. The idea was to train his Sikh followers in martial arts and other forms of combat like swordsmanship and horse riding. Today this day sees thousands of Sikhs coming together for mock battles and other form of demonstrative military exercises. Sikh Olympics is also held on this day. Processions are held where people uphold the Sikh Flag and also the holy book of Guru Granth Sahib. Prayers, Kirtans, music
- Tuesday, April 14, 2019, Vaisakh/ Baisakhi – This day c when the Khalsa Sikh Brotherhood was formed in 1699. This is what gave the Sikhs a distinct identity that was their own under the leadership of the then Guru Gobind Singh. Baptism among Sikhs was also started as the Guru baptized the first Sikhs with nectar which was called Amrit. The Guru also set down some rules and codes that every Sikh has to follow. Even now the Sikhs who want to join the brotherhood are baptized on this day.
- Saturday, April 18, 2019, Birthday of Guru Angad Dev and Birthday of Guru Tegh Bahadur (Nanakshahi calendar) – This day commemorates the birth anniversary of Guru Angad Dev who was born as Lehna in 1504 in a small village in Punjab belonging to the Mukhtsar. When he succeeded Guru Nanak as the second Sikh Guru in 1538 he was then on called as Angad Dev. He is believed to be the founder of the Sikh script known as Gurmukhi.
This day also commemorates the birth anniversary of Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth guru of the Sikhs. He was born in the year 1921. Guru Tegh Bahadur was martyred in his attempt to save Sikhs from forceful conversion to Islam by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.
- Saturday, May 23, 2019, Birthday of Guru Amar Das (Nanakshahi calendar) – This is the birth anniversary of the third Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Amar Das. He championed the causes of social equality and eradication of untouchability and discriminations based on caste and creed.
- Tuesday, June 16, 2019, Martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev Sahib – On this day in the year 1606 the fifth Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Arjan, was martyred. He was tortured to death as instructed by the then Mughal Emperor Jahangir. Apart from Kirtan and Langar, on this day, an aromatic sweet chilled drink is distributed keeping in mind the scorching summer season.
- Sunday, July 5, 2019, Birthday of Guru Hargobind (Nanakshahi calendar) — This day commemorates the birth anniversary of Guru Hargobind, the sixth Guru of the Sikhs.
- Thursday, July 23, 2019, Birthday of Guru Har Krishen (Nanakshahi calendar) – This day is the birth anniversary of Guru Har Krishen, the eighth Guru of the Sikhs.
- Tuesday, September 1, 2019, Phalia Parkash Guru Granth Sahib – On this the day the Holy Scripture of Guru Granth Sahib became the Guru of the Sikhs eternally as nominated by Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru of the Sikhs, thereby ending the human line of Gurus for the Sikhs.
- Friday, October 9, 2019, Birthday of Guru Ram Das (Nanakshahi calendar) – This is the birth anniversary of Guru Ram Das, the fourth Guru of the Sikhs. He is remembered for organizing the Sikh society. He also composed the four hymns that are the pillars of the Sikh Wedding Rites.
- Wednesday, November 11, 2019, Bandi Chhor Divas (Deewali) – This is the day that commemorates the release of Guru Hargobind, the Sixth Sikh Guru, and fifty two of his companions, from the prison. They were fighting for their rights and against the oppression that the Mughal Emperors subjected them to.
- Tuesday, November 24, 2019, Martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib – This is the day when Guru Tegh Bahadur welcomed martyrdom rather than embracing conversion to another religion as was being forced by the then Mughal Emperor Aurangazeb. This is the day that upholds the right of every human being to follow the religion of her/ his choice. From this day onwards the Sikhs have always championed the cause of being tolerant towards every faith.
- Wednesday, November 25, Guru Nanak Jayanti – This day is to commemorate the birth anniversary of Guru Nanak, who was the first Guru of the Sikhs. He is the one who is credited for shaping Sikhism. This day is considered to be of utmost importance by the Sikhs and also a very auspicious one for them.