Jewish holidays are also known as Jewish festivals. Holidays are observed in Judaism by the Jews.
Dates of minor and major Jewish holidays for Hebrew Year 2019 includes a brief overview of special customs, and any special Torah reading.
All holidays begin at sundown on the evening before the date, and continue till the sunset of the next day. Jewish festivals lead three sources generally.
1. Biblical passages
2. Rabbinic Rules
3. Israeli Connection
These festivals fall on different dates on each year as Jewish calendars are differ from the modern Gregorian calendar. The festivals are religious beliefs, cultural tradition of the Jews. Here we have plotted the festival dates as per the modern day calendar system.
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|Name of festivals||Date of festivals||Description|
|Fast of Tevet 10||7th Jan 2020||On the 10th day of the Jewish month of Tevet, the armies of the Babylonian emperor laid siege to Jerusalem. Thirty months later the walls are breached and holy temple was destroyed. In this day the tenth Tevet, observed as a day of fasting. Mourning and repentance. The fast ends when they see three medium sized stars in the sky.|
|15 Shevat||21st January 2024||Tu Bishvat is a Jewish holiday according on the 15th day of the Hebrew month of Shevat. It is also called “Rosh Hashanah lamont” literally “new year of the trees. It as an ecological awareness day celebrated by the people of Israel. Trees are planted on that day. A meal that partly mirrors the Passover seeder and involves eating biblical foods native to the holy land and drinking four cups of wine. Some modern practices include donating money to plant trees in Israel.|
|Purim||20th March, 2024||The jolly festival of Purim is celebrated every year on the 14th of the Hebrew month of Adar. Purim means lots in ancient Persian. It was named so as Haman had throw lots to determine when he would carry out his diabolical scheme. The tradition of Purim are to give money at least two poor person, send gifts to two kinds of food one person, read the holy book which recounts the story of the Purim and have a feast includes wine.|
|Passover||19th April 2024||Pesach, which is known as Passover, is one of the most commonly observed Jewish holidays. Pesach starts on the 15th day of the Jewish month of Nissan. The first major festivals with both historical and agricultural importance. it is harvest season and represents the beginning of this season. “Pesach” is the meaning to pass over or to spare. It is the most important observance related to Pesach involves avoiding chametz (specific food items that are prohibited during Passover).|
|Second Passover||18th May, 2024||Pesach Sheni or the Second Passover occurs every year on the fourteenth day of the Hebrew month of Iyar. It literally means “second Passover”. It was introduced in the law to provide an opportunity for those people who were unable to practice in the rituals of the Passover earlier. The roast meat, the matzo and bitter herbs, and the leftovers are to be burned. The difference would be the acceptance of leaven in the household. The overriding theme of the day is that god allows second chances for his people. Many Jews will eat again unleavened bread and hold special prayer sessions at the Western Wall. Jewish activists advocating the return of Jewish worship on top of the temple mount.|
|Lag b’omer||22nd May, 2024||Lag B Omer literally means the3 3rd of the Omer. The Omer is counted for 49 days that come in between the end of Passover and the holidays of Shavuot. This holiday celebrates a break in a plaque that is said to have taken place during the days of Rabbi Akiva. Many Jews plan weddings on this date for this reason in fact. The most popular activity on the holiday is bonfire. Picnics and playing sports are other activities including. Kebabs, pitas, eggplant salad, potato salad are the typical food eaten by them. There is no such popular greeting associated with this festival.|
|Shavout||8th June, 2024||Shavout originated as an agricultural festival. The celebration of staring of the wheat harvest which continues throughout the summer. The day of bring an offering of new grain. It observed a scared occasion. Women and girls light candles on both first and second evenings, it is customary to stay up all night learning Torah. All family members should go to the synagogue on the first day of Shavuot to hear the reading of the ten commandments. Special meals are eaten and no work may be performed. On the second day yizor memorial service is recited.|
|The three weeks||20th July, 2024||Three weeks, the time between the 17th of Tammuz and the ninth of Av. It is at time of mourning called in Hebrew. The traditional mourning rites are not to buy or wear new garments, abstain from entertainment , bathing for pleasure new fruits are be eaten, not cutting hair or shaving ,no wedding are celebrated and not to consume the meat or wine.|
|Rosh Hashanah||29th September, 2024||Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish new year is one of the Judaism’s holiest days. The seventh month of Hebrew calendar which falls during September. According this tradition god judges all creatures during whether they will live or die in the coming year. Work is prohibited on this day and religious Jews spend much of the holiday attending synagogue. On this holy day prayer services include distinct liturgical texts, songs and customs. After religious service are over Jews have a festive meal, some wear new clothes.|
|Sukkot||13th October 2024||It is a pilgrimage holiday that has also found its presence in the Bible. It is known also as the Shalosh. It is an agricultural festival that originally was considered for the fruit harvest. Sukkot is celebrated by building a Sukkah. Jews are required to eat for eight days and some even sleep duration of the holiday. The waving ceremony was performed at the temple in the ancient world. Fresh fruits, vegetables or other related ingredients meals are taken.|